Just like with any cancer, early detection is the key to increasing your chances of survival. Thankfully, prostate cancer is manageable and, when detected early, it can be treatable. When it comes to prostate health and preventing prostate cancer, here’s what every man needs to know.
Early Warning Signs and Symptoms
While prostate cancer can be detected early through routine screening, the following are some early warning signs to be aware of:
- Pain or burning during urination
- Difficulty with urination - this may include trouble starting or stopping urination
- Frequently urinating during the night
- Decreased flow in urination stream
- Uncontrollable bladder
- Blood in urine
- Blood in semen
- Erectile dysfunction
Risk factors of prostate cancer may include the following:
Age: Men are typically diagnosed with prostate cancer over the age of 40, but the risk at 50+ years increases significantly.
Race: Prostate cancer is more prevalent in African-American men and Caribbean men of African descent.
Family history: Many prostate cancer cases are not related to family history. However, according to the American Cancer Society, having a father or brother with prostate cancer more than doubles the risk.
Diet: Men who have a diet consisting of a lot of red meat or fatty foods have a slightly higher chance of developing prostate cancer.
While prostate cancer cannot be 100% prevented, there are some lifestyle changes that you can make to reduce your risk, such as:
- Eat a healthy, low-fat diet
- Add more fruits and vegetables to your daily intake
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Exercise regularly
When to Start Screening For Prostate Cancer
The American Cancer Society recommends the following guidelines:
- Age 40 for men at a very high risk (those with more than one first-degree relative who had prostate cancer at an early age).
- Age 45 for men at high risk of developing prostate cancer. This includes African Americans and men who have a first-degree relative (father, brother, son) diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early age (younger than age 65).
- Age 50 for men who are at average risk of prostate cancer and are expected to live at least ten more years.
For more information about how we can assist you or a loved one with prostate cancer screening, care, and treatment, contact The Parrish Cancer Center today at 321-529-6202. Our caring oncologists are here to guide you every step of the way.